Malaga was founded by the Phoenicians in approximately 800 B.C. In the 6th century B.C. it was conquered by the Carthaginians. They participated in the Punic Wars before they were expelled from Malaga, and indeed, the entire Iberian Peninsula, by the Romans in 202 B.C. Malaga was then named Flavia Malacita by the Romans and it became an important place as it was connected with other Roman cities on the peninsula and Mediterranean Sea ports. The Roman theatre, which is located at the foot of the Arabic fortress, La Alcazaba, is one of the oldest in Spain.
After the fall of the Roman Empire, Malaga was affected by large flows of migration and the colonisation of Germanic tribes, in particular Silingi Vandals who introduced the Aryan creed from the east. At the beginning of the 8th century, the decline of the Gothic monarchy began to take root and, from the northern coast of Africa, the Arabs invaded the Iberian Peninsula. Malaga fell under Arab rule in 743 A.D. and became a flourishing city surrounded by a wall with five enormous gates.
Abd-ar-Rahman III constructed the Puerta de Atarazanas in the 13th century (this is the access gate to the current central market).
Although the first attempt to conquer the city was carried out at the beginning of the 14th century, it wasn't until August 1487 when the Catholic Monarchs finally took Malaga.
Following a period of great prosperity, an era of ruin reached Malaga. The 16th and 17th centuries were plagued with epidemics and poor harvests, both of which were combined with the economic crisis as the result of the expulsion of the Arabs. In the 17th century, the port was constructed (it would later be expanded). Despite construction work on the cathedral beginning in 1528, it was not completed until the 18th century, when the Baroque movement was in an advanced state of development. At the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th century, Malaga gave birth to a new bourgeoisie in the form of two families: the Larios and the Heredia. They turned the city into Spain's second industrial centre. From the 60s, the tourism boom in Spain completely transformed Malaga. Millions of people chose Malaga as their holiday destination and thousands more chose it as their place of residence. Malaga came to be the fifth most important city in Spain. Today, it is one of Europe's modern cities, enriched by its international diversity and the mix of cultures. Malaga has enjoyed fantastic infrastructure in the urban planning of its streets and wide avenues in addition to its excellent motorway links since 1992. Its airport is one of the most important in Europe. Currently, Malaga continues to grow. The Malaga Miracle has been the development of the Costa del Sol, which has become an internationally acclaimed tourist destination.
The majority of Malaga's Alcazaba was constructed in the 11th century. It was the palace/fortress of the Muslim governors of the city. Gibralfaro Castle and the Alcazaba are united by a double line of rampart walls. The Alcazaba was originally constructed for defensive purposes: it was equipped with 30 towers and 20 fortified gates. The structure is formed by two areas that adapt to the terrain. Inside, you will find gardens, baths, wells and more. You can also see access fortifications, of which the Puerta de la Boveda stands out: it was built on a bend to increase its defensive value. The Puerta de las Columnas used columns and Roman capitals as its construction materials.
Gibralfaro Castle is located in the city of Malaga at the highest part of the hill, 130 metres above sea level. It is next to the Alcazaba. This wonderful castle dates back to the beginning of the 14th century when its construction was ordered by Yusuf I, Sultan of Granada, on an old Phoenician site and lighthouse. The castle is famous for being the final stage for the Conquest of Malaga by the Catholic Monarchs in 1487. What remains standing of this historic monument today is a series of solid towers that rise from a dense forest of pine and eucalyptus trees.
The city's cathedral was built between 1528 and 1782 on the site of the old mosque. Despite the original plans planning for two towers, the lack of budget resulted in only one being constructed. This gave rise to its popular name of "La Manquita", meaning the "One-Armed Lady". Two stunning baroque organs and marble pulpits are decorated with ecclesiastical motifs. The side chapels contain interesting artworks.
The Pompidou Centre
This is a branch of France's Georges Pompidou National Centre for Art and Culture. It is located in the building named "The Cube" in the Spanish city of Malaga. This is the second external branch of the Parisian centre and the first to be located outside of France.
Malaga's Pompidou Centre offers the public the chance to experience the Pompidou Centre via the richness of its collection, the excellence of its programme, the coming together of all artistic disciplines, and the innovation of its mediation programmes.
It offers a look at art from the 20th and 21st centuries with almost 90 select works from the centre's incomparable collection, which is one of the most significant in the world of modern and contemporary art. This tour of art history from our era is renewed every five semesters and it is nourished each year. There are also two other temporary exhibitions
The Picasso Museum
This museum, which was founded by the Junta de Andalucia with the support of the heirs of the Malaga-born artist, is the fulfilment of the artist's great dream. This was recently confirmed by his daughter-in-law, Christine, and his grandson, Bernard, who were the initial driving forces behind the project. They both decided to donate or grant part of their collections to the art gallery. The 285 pieces that constitute the collection of the Picasso Museum cover the revolutionary innovations of Picasso as well as the wide variety of styles, materials and techniques he used. They range from his first academic studies to his vision of classicism, before addressing cubism, ceramics, his interpretations of great masters, and his final paintings from the 70s.
The Carmen Thyssen Museum
The Revello de Toro Museum
The Revello de Toro Museum was designed as an exhibition space equipped with the latest technology. It aims to fulfil three objectives: firstly, to permanently exhibit work donated by the Malaga-native famed portrait painter and photographer, Félix Revello de Toro. Of the 142 pieces shown to the public, 113 form a part of the museum's permanent collection.
It also aims to recover and raise awareness of the house/workshop of Pedro de Mena. It is one of the few domestic properties Malaga still maintains from the period. Finally, it aims to promote the figure of Pedro de Mena by sharing knowledge of his works and his artistic career and life.
The Museum of Wine
The Museum of Wine in Malaga, which is located in the city's historic centre, offers a look at the history and culture of wine in the Province of Malaga. The main aim is to raise awareness and promote Malaga and Sierras de Malaga Denomination of Origin wines and the raisins with Malaga Denomination of Origin status. Prepare to discover the centuries with your palate...
Malaga on the Internet
You can view Malaga online in real time via 25 webcams. Enjoy a peek at Malaga without moving from the sofa.